Recombinant Bovine TNF alpha
Recombinant Bovine TNF alpha is a member of the TNF Superfamily. It is produced chiefly by activated macrophages, but it is produced also by a broad variety of cell types including lymphoid cells, mast cells, endothelial cells, cardiac myocytes, adipose tissue, fibroblasts, and neuronal tissue. The primary role of TNF alpha is in the regulation of immune cells. TNF alpha, being an endogenous pyrogen, is able to induce fever, to induce apoptotic cell death, to induce sepsis (through IL-1 & IL-6 production), to induce cachexia, induce inflammation, and to inhibit tumorigenesis and viral replication.
The biological activity of recombinant bovine TNF alpha was measured in a cytotoxicity assay using L929 mouse fibrosarcoma cells. The ED50 for this effect is typically 5 8 ng/mL.