Lyophilized PapainPapain is a sulfhydryl protease from Carica papaya latex. It has a molecular weight of 23 kDa and an optimum pH range of 6.0-7.0. The action of papain on leucine methyl ester produces an insoluble polyleucine peptide. Papain breaks down the intercellular matrix of cartilage. Papain is activated by cysteine, sulfide, and sulfite. Stabilizing agents are EDTA, cysteine and dimercaptoethanol. Supplied as a lyophilized powder prepared from a 2X crystalline suspension, Code: PAP. To insure full activity, the enzyme should be incubated in a solution containing 1.1mM EDTA, 0.067mM mercaptoethanol and 5.5mM cysteine-HCl for 30 minutes. It is recommended that the enzyme be 0.22 micron filtered after dissolution and prior to use.