Human Luteinizing Hormone (LH) ELISA Kit
Luteinizing hormone (LH) is produced in both men and women from the anterior pituitary gland in response to luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH or Gn-RH), which is released by the hypothalamus. LH, also called interstitial cell-stimulating hormone (ICSH) in men, is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of approximately 30,000 daltons. It is composed of two noncovalently associated dissimilar amino acid chains, alpha and beta. The alpha chain is similar to that found in human thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG).
The LH Quantitative Test is based on a solid phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The assay system utilizes a mouse monoclonal anti-alpha-LH antibody for solid phase (microtiter wells) immobilization and a mouse monoclonal anti-LH antibody in the antibody-enzyme (horseradish peroxidase) conjugate solution. The test sample is allowed to react simultaneously with the antibodies, resulting in LH molecules being sandwiched between the solid phase and enzyme-linked antibodies. After a 45-minute incubation at room temperature, the wells are washed with water to remove unbound-labeled antibodies. A solution of TMB Reagent is added and incubated for 20 minutes, resulting in the development of a blue color. The color development is stopped with the addition of Stop Solution, and the color is changed to yellow and measured spectrophotometrically at 450 nm. The concentration of LH is directly proportional to the color intensity of the test sample.