Rat TNF alpha ELISA Kit - 1 Kit (96 Wells)Our Rat TNF alpha ELISA Kit is a sandwich ELISA intended for the quantitative determination of rat TNF alpha in cell culture supernates, serum and plasma (heparin, EDTA).
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-alpha, or TNF) is secreted by macrophages in response to inflammation, infection and cancer. Human Tumor Necrosis Factor(TNF) and Lymphotoxin(TNF-beta) are cytotoxic proteins which have similar biological activities and share 30% amino acid homology. TNF-alpha is produced by monocytes, which can stimulate endothelial cells to produce the multilineage growth factor granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and extend the role of this immunoregulatory protein to the regulation of hematopoiesis in vitro. TNF is a soluble protein that causes damage to tumor cells but has no effect on normal cells. Human TNF has been purified to apparent homogeneity as a 17.3-kilodalton protein from HL-60 leukemia cells and has showed cytotoxic and cytostatic activities against various human tumor cell lines. The human TNF cDNA is 1585 base pairs in length and encodes a protein of 233 amino acids. The mature protein begins at residue 77, leaving a long leader sequence of 76 amino acids. TNF-alpha has been mapped to human chromosome 6. The standard product used in this kit is recombinant rat TNFalpha, consisting of 157 amino acids with the molecular mass of 17KDa.