Human CXCL16 ELISA Kit - 1 Kit (96 Wells)Our Human CXCL16 ELISA Kit is a sandwich ELISA intended for the quantitative determination of human CXCL16 in cell culture supernates, serum and plasma (heparin, EDTA).
Chemokine(C-X-C motif) ligand 16(CXCL16) is a small cytokine belonging to the CXC chemokine family. Larger than other chemokines(with 254 amino acids), CXCL16 is composed of a CXC chemokine domain, a mucin-like stalk, a transmembrane domain and a cytoplasmic tail containing a potential tyrosine phosphorylation site that may bind SH2. These are unusual features for a chemokine, and allow CXCL16 to be expressed as a cell surface bound molecule, as well as a soluble chemokine. CXCL16 is produced by dendritic cells found in the T cell zones of lymphoid organs, and by cells found in the red pulp of the spleen. Cells that bind and migrate in response to CXCL16 include several subsets of T cells, and natural killer T(NKT) cells. CXCL16 interacts with the chemokine receptorCXCR6, also known as Bonzo. The novel CXC-chemokine ligand 16(CXCL16) functions as transmembrane adhesion molecule on the surface of APCs and as a soluble chemoattractant for activated T cells. Expression of CXCL16 is induced by the inflammatory cytokines IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha. The gene for human CXCL16 is located on chromosome 17.