Cell Culture And Uses For Fetal Bovine Serum
Fetal bovine serum (FBS) is a product used in research laboratories, a blood product which exceeds cell culture testing standards and is used widely to promote growth medium. A cardiac puncture is performed on a cow's fetus during slaughter, the blood refrigerated so that it will clot. A process known as centrifuge is then used to separate the clear serum from the slotted blood cells.
Some of the research in which cell culture medium growth is used includes biotechnology research, vaccine production, cloning and in vitro fertilization.
Because of its high quantity of hormones, carrier proteins and macromolecular proteins, fetal bovine serum is frequently present in culture medium used in in vitro fertilization. In this process, embryonic stem cells are transferred into the culture medium; this results in growth of the cells.
Many of the vaccines available today are produced using fetal bovine serum for cell culture growth medium. These vaccines include the Varivax III, a vaccine that protects against a virus called varicella, and MMRII, a vaccine that protects against measles, mumps and rubella.
In recent years, many experiments have been conducted in an effort to clone animal tissues. In the biotechnology field, fetal bovine serum is frequently used in these experiments. In fact, in an experiment conducted in Brazil bovine ear cells were used for collecting primary skin cell cultures; these cultures were then placed with other growth enhancing substances include 10% FBS in culture dishes, according to the "Genetics and Molecular Research Journal."
Also known as "fetal calf serum" FBS is widely used in cell culture applications because of its numerous growth factors, and low level of antibodies.
At Innovative Research, we provide only the highest quality fetal bovine serum and other products used for research purposes today. We also realize the importance of keeping costs down; our products are affordably priced, but quality never compromised.